Lagenaria siceraria (Calabash), additionally called bottle gourd, long melon, New Guinea bean, white-flowered gourd and Tasmania bean, is a vine grown for its fruit. It may be both harvested younger to be fed on as a vegetable, or harvested mature to be dried and used as a utensil, container, or a musical instrument. When it’s miles fresh, the fruit has a mild inexperienced clean pores and skin and white flesh.
Calabash end result have a number of shapes: they may be large and rounded, small and bottle-shaped, or narrow and serpentine, and they could emerge as over a metre long. Rounder sorts are generally referred to as calabash gourds. The gourd become one of the world’s first cultivated vegetation grown now no longer generally for food, however to be used as containers. The bottle gourd might also additionally had been carried from Asia to Africa, Europe, and the Americas withinside the direction of human migration, or through seeds floating throughout the oceans in the gourd. It has been verified to had been globally domesticated (and existed withinside the New World) all through the Pre-Columbian era. Because bottle gourds also are referred to as “calabashes”, they’re once in a while burdened with the hard, hole end result of the unrelated calabash tree (Crescentia cujete), whose end result also are used to make utensils, containers, and musical instruments.
Cultural uses in Africa
Hollowed-out and dried calabashes are a completely normal utensil in families throughout West Africa. They are used to smooth rice, deliver water, and as meals containers. Smaller sizes are used as bowls to drink palm wine. Calabashes are utilized in making the West African contraptions just like the Ṣẹ̀kẹ̀rẹ̀, a Yoruba device just like a maracca, kora (a harp-lute), xalam/ngoni (a lute) and the goje (a conventional fiddle). They additionally function resonators below the balafon (West African marimba). The calabash is likewise utilized in making the shegureh (a Sierra Leonean women’s rattle) and balangi (a Sierra Leonean kind of balafon) musical contraptions. Sometimes massive calabashes are virtually hollowed, dried and used as percussion contraptions, specifically with the aid of using Fulani, Songhai, Gur-talking and Hausa peoples. In Nigeria the calabash has been used to try circumventing a regulation requiring the carrying of a helmet on a motorcycle. In South Africa it’s miles typically used as a consuming vessel and a vessel for wearing meals with the aid of using communities, including the Sepedi and IsiZulu. Erbore youngsters of Ethiopia put on hats crafted from the calabash to guard them from the sun. South Africa’s FNB Stadium, which hosted the 2010 FIFA World Cup, is referred to as The Calabash as its form takes suggestion from the calabash. The calabash is likewise used withinside the manufacture of puppets. Calabash additionally has a massive cultural significance. In many African legends, Calabash (typically called gourds) are provided as a vessel for know-how and wisdom
Tobacco smoking pipe See also: Smoking pipe (tobacco) § Calabash The gourd may be dried and used to smoke pipe tobacco. According to American consular reviews from the early twentieth century calabash pipes have beenusuallyutilized in South Africa. Calabash becomestated to bestow a “unique softness” of taste that couldn’t be duplicated throughdifferent materials. The lining becomemade from meerschaum, aleven though tin become used for low-grade models. A commonlayout yielded through this squash is recognized (theatrically) because the pipe of Sherlock Holmes, however the inventor of this character, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, in no wayreferred to Holmes the usage of a calabash pipe. It become the favored pipe for level actors portraying Holmes, due to the factthey maystability this pipe higher than differentpatternswhilstturning in their lines. Enema equipment The gourd is used historicallyto manage enemas. Along the higher Congo River an enema equipment is made throughcreating ahollowin a singlecease of the gourd for filling it, and the usage of a resin to connect a hole cane to the gourd’s neck.