Quality education is one of the basic right of every child in Africa and the world at large. But there seems to be low interest of Africans towards education. Poor economic development has posed negative influence on their educational system.
As all goals are interdependent, an integrated approach is key to their progress. The second of the millennial goals (MGGs 2000-2015), primary education for all, has led to significant improvements in education.
The school attendance rate in developing regions reached 91% in 2015, and the number of out-of-school children globally has halved. The percentage increase in literacy is also high, and there are now more girls attending school than ever before.
The success has been remarkable, but there are still many challenges, such as poverty and armed conflict, that keep children away from school in developing regions of the world. This is a widespread problem in an entire continent – Africa, where education today is a priority goal for sustainable development.
Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest progress in the number of children enrolled in primary schools in the world. There, 5% of gross domestic product is invested in education, which puts the region second only to North America and Europe, but in a third of countries, half of children do not complete primary education.
In East and South Africa, attending and graduating from school is a distant dream for many children. However, in recent years, thanks to significant changes in national policies and assistance from development organizations, more and more children have been able to benefit from their right to education.
When it comes to secondary education, the statistics become even more frightening. According to regional sources, there are lower percentages of Females going to school to male children. Most times low attendance.
The main problems can be sought in several directions.
In the first place, these are language barriers is one of the major problems as regards education in Afri, as well as the need for languages such as French and English for higher education and career development, in many schools teachers and students do not use their mother tongue. This leads to misunderstanding of the material, low grades and demotivation.
Another problem is the lack of appropriate school facilities and unequal access to education in different countries. It is difficult for many schools to hire qualified teachers due to low pay and lack of suitable staff, which is even more complicated in remote areas.
The emigration of highly educated people is also a major problem in the region. Despite large government investments in the sector, people leaving their countries in search of better opportunities are difficult to replace.
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