Kahina [7th Century CE] was an Imaizighen Warrior-queen who led her people against the Arab Invasion of North Africa in the 7th Century.
Her birth name was Dihya which means “Beautiful Gazelle” in Iamazight and her other name Kahina is Arabic for “Prophetess” as she was said to have supernatural powers.
She was a famous Freedom Fighter of the Imazighen people. Little is known of her life apart from her conflict with Muslim Arab Leader “Hasan Ibnal Nu’man whose Ummayad Forces campaigned across North Africa.
According to legend, during one of the battles with the Arabs, she got an idea to set fires that the wind then carried to the enemy. The Arabs were forced to retreat and the land was so badly burnt that the Arabs couldn’t cross the region without resources.
Kahina’s Fire incident gave her the idea for a scorched earth policy which I should say, was a bad idea; since most of the region was desert, burning down the rest of the area so that the Arabs couldn’t exploit the resources, would mean disaster on a large scale. And disaster did come by the time Hasan attacked, most of her supporters had left her and her army was defeated. Legend has it that she died in battle though other sources say that she committed suicide by drinking poisons so as to avoid capture by the Arabs.
After her death, a lot of people mourned for her. To native Imazighen, Kahina is viewed as a warrior queen who did all she could to prevent her people from getting conquered, and she is among the list of most powerful queens in history.